The objective of Swedish development cooperation is to create opportunities for people living in poverty and under oppression to improve their living conditions.
The Swedish parliament decided about a Policy for Global Development (PGD). This describes how different policy areas should work together for a positive global development.
The government’s aid policy framework highlights the overall objective to create prerequisites for better living conditions for people living in poverty and under oppression, with a clear perspective that people themselves are agents of change who can influence their own development. Six sub-goals are defined, each being equally important to achieve the overall goal.
Poverty is multidimensional. It is rooted in an unequal and unequal distribution of power, resources and opportunities. Sweden’s development cooperation therefore takes as its starting point, and is characterized by, poor people’s perspective on development and a rights perspective. These two overarching perspectives are analyzed and integrated throughout in Swedish development cooperation.
Fighting poverty with a focus on human rights and gender needs in a time of new challenges to a greater extent than previously relate to peacebuilding and active environmental and climate work. In light of this, the Government wants because in addition to the two general perspectives also highlight three thematic perspectives in development cooperation:
- conflict perspective,
- gender perspective,
- environmental and climate perspective.
Different types of aid
The objective of the development cooperation is to help to create conditions that will enable poor people to improve their lives. Combating poverty is the focus of the aid.
This includes long-term development cooperation and humanitarian aid.
Development cooperation means offering long-term support for the development of poor countries. The countries’ own poverty reduction strategies should be the basis for the contributions made by Sweden within the development cooperation.
Humanitarian aid is short-term, emergency aid which saves lives and alleviates suffering wherever it occurs.
In addition there is the specific reform policy for Eastern and Central Europe; the reform cooperation. The objectives of the reform cooperation in Eastern Europe is strengthened democracy, fair and sustainable development, and closer proximity to the European Union and its values.
Read more about the Swedish aid and development policy on Sida.se.
The amount of aid provided by Sweden is stated in the government’s annual budget proposals to Parliament. The Swedish aid framework is calculated as a percentage of Sweden’s gross national income (GNI) at the time of budgeting. From this framework, deductions are made for purposes classified as aid. Deductions are made for e.g., refugee costs and the costs of the Swedish contribution to the European Union’s joint aid. This is done in accordance with the international agreements established by the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development). The OECD states in its guidelines, what support for development cooperation is classified as aid. Only aid to countries defined by the OECD as developing countries and territories posted on the OECD’s special list of aid recipients is approved as aid.