7 activities 2017 with the combined value of USD 3.6 m, summarized by
FARM AFRICA 2016-2023:Integrated approach , G4F and N4D - FARM AFRICA 2016-2022:Integrated approach , G4F and N4D USD 2 340 002

Environmental education/training

Description

Integrated approach to improve rural livelihood

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-6-10407A0101-ETH-41081

MELCA 2013-15 (17-18):Gambella Biosphere Reserve - MELCA Gambela Integrated Land Development Plan USD 942 117

Biosphere protection

Description

The overall objective of the project is improved sustainable community development and local bio-cultural diversity in Majang zone in Gambella region.

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-6-5108011403-ETH-41020

Naturskyddsföreningen framework 2017-2020 USD 239 745

Environmental policy and administrative management

Description

The Nature Conservation Association has submitted an application for a framework contribution 2017-2020 of a total of SEK 275.7 million, where the total budget amounts to SEK 304 million. The amounts applied for are relatively evenly distributed over the years - 66.1 MSEK (2017); SEK 68.6 million (2018); 70.8 MSEK (2019) and 70.2 MSEK (2020). By comparing the amount applied for 2017 and current year (2016) appropriations of 60.4 MSEK, the amount applied for corresponds to an increase of approximately 9%. The Nature Conservation Association motivates the increase with reference to a more serious world state regarding the state of the planet, increased exposure to civil society in general and to environmental activists in particular. More specifically, the increase is mainly due to the fact that 2017 wants to implement a new initiative in the form of "Global Advocacy Projects" and to expand capacity development to a greater extent, as well as expand the business of sustainable consumption. The overall objective of the initiative is "A strong global environmental movement with tools to contribute to concrete changes for sustainable development". Sida believes that the Nature Conservation Association is an important player in the environmental movement through its global network of environmental organizations and its platform in a strong Swedish civil society. • Operations are considered relevant under the Strategy Support by Swedish Organizations in Civil Society 2016-2022 (CSO Strategy), which was decided by the Government on 2 June 2016. The contributes to both strategic areas of the strategy, ie. 1) Strengthening civil society's capacity in developing countries and 2) Promoting a favorable social climate for civil society in developing countries. Sida believes that the proposed activities of the Swedish Society for Nature Conservation largely capture the new control signals in the strategy, among other things. through an increased focus on target area 2 and global impact work through the Global Advocacy Projects program.

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-6-10027A0101-ETH-41010

The resilience and sustainability of soil microbial functions to climate change induced-drought in Ethiopia USD 57 623

Environmental research

Description

Climate change will cause extreme fluctuations in precipitation and temperatures generating intense drought and rainfall events. This will affect the functioning of most ecosystems, but the most severely affected include the world’s poorest and food security challenged nations, including Ethiopia. Microorganisms control decomposition of organic matter (OM), and dominate the terrestrial contribution to the global carbon (C) cycle. Water availability is a decisive regulator of microbial processes, but they also depend on C-availability, creating a strong feedback with plants. We will investigate how microbial processes are influenced by changes in water availability across a gradient from cool moist to hot arid Ecosystems in Ethiopia. We will evaluate the effect of different land-uses and field experimental drought on the resilience of microbial functions. Insights will be included in ecosystem models, and used to guide land-use policy in Ethiopia. The aims are: 1. Defining the microbial moisture dependence, and the resilience of the microbial functions to rewetting a soil. 2. Determining both long-term (gradient across Ethiopia) and short-term (within site field-experiments) legacy effects of drought and dry-wet cycles on 1. 3. Disentangling the relative influence of the soil microbial community and land-use on 1. 4. Distinguishing how land-use, restoration of degraded soils, and plant material additions can affect the microbial resilience to drought and variable moisture.

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

The Swedish Research Council

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-29-2016-06327-238-41082

Tropical montane forests in a warming world USD 21 060

Environmental research

Description

In spite of the importance of tropical rainforest for global biodiversity and ecosystem ecology regulating biogeochemical cycles, hydrology and climate, these forest in general, and African tropical forests in particular, remain relatively understudied. It has been hypothesised that many tropical species have a narrow thermal niche and operate close to a thermal limit above which they experience declines in function or fitness. However, there is currently little data available to either support or refute this hypothesis. The present project aims to reduce this knowledge gap for tropical montane trees, with the overall purpose of assessing the sensitivity of physiology, growth and competitiveness of tropical montane trees to increased temperature. Multispecies plantations (common gardens) will be established along an elevation gradient in Rwanda, where a step down the gradient represents a possible future warming scenario. Pioneer and climax species from the high and mid elevation sites will be planted at all three locations, allowing for assessments of how both Afromontane rainforest (high elevation) and transitional rainforest (mid elevation) respond to climate warming. Since other environmental factors than temperature co-vary with elevation, the common gardens will include experimental manipulations of water and nutrient availability, with fertilization mitigating site differences in fertility and water being added or diverted depending on the location. By mixing trees of different thermal niches and successional strategies within the common gardens, the study can explore potential impacts of climate change on tree community composition. The investigated responses of the trees range from molecular level and leaf physiology to tree growth and community level interspecific competition. Molecular methods include determination of thylakoid membrane lipid composition, primary metabolites and transcriptional profiling by next generation sequencing. Physiological and tree growth responses are investigated by leaf gas exchange measurements and methodsfor determining biomass of different tree organs. Data will be analysed using analysis of variance. The research team includes participants at the University of Gothenburg (UG), the University of Rwanda (UR) and Rwanda Agriculture Board (RAB). Researchers at UG has the overall responsibility for co-ordination of the project, while researchers at UG and UR together supervise the PhD student and field assistant at UR, as well as BSc/MSc students from both universities conducting field research in the project. RAB owns the research stations and have basic lab and technical facilities and staff for maintenance. Year 1 of the project will be used to set up the common gardens at the three sites along the elevation gradient. The actual experiment and the response measurements will be conducted during year 2-5, with main focus on molecular and physiological responses in the early part and responses of growth and inter-specific competition during the later part. The scientific significance and novelty of the present project is the way that it addresses central hypotheses and knowledge gaps in global change biology by combining a unique experimental design with response measurements ranging from molecular mechanisms to community level competition. This experimental design allows us to assess not only how different species respond and acclimate to temperature, but also how interspecific variation in these responses affect tree community composition in a warmer climate. Furthermore, the broad range of response measurements allow for mechanistic understanding of the observed ecological responses. This combination of experimental approaches is novel and offers the potential to generate important new insights into the mechanisms controlling tree and forest responses to global warming. Finally, the proposed project contributes to capacity building at Rwandan institutions, which in turn will pr

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

The Swedish Research Council

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-29-2015-03338_4-238-41082

MELCA 2013-15 (17-18):Gambella Biosphere Reserve - M & E Support to MELCA USD 15 682

Biosphere protection

Description

The overall objective of the project is improved sustainable community development and local bio-cultural diversity in Majang zone in Gambella region.

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-6-5108011404-ETH-41020

Course on Environment & Climate Change - course on Integration of Environment & Climate Change at Sida Partnership Forum USD 4 379

Environmental policy and administrative management

Description

The course will provide insight on how to integrate Environment and Climate change into development plan.

Activity length

Delivery channel

Bilateral

Granting agency

Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

Activity identifier

SE-0-SE-6-11133A0101-ETH-41010

Year Value (SEK) Value (USD)
2019 SEK 21,2 m USD 2.4 m
2018 SEK 63,1 m USD 7.3 m
2017 SEK 31,0 m USD 3.6 m
2016 SEK 21,7 m USD 2.5 m
2015 SEK 4,0 m USD 479 k
2014 SEK 3,4 m USD 496 k
2013 SEK 5,7 m USD 877 k
2012
2011
2010 SEK 14,0 m USD 1.9 m
2009 SEK 15,0 m USD 2.0 m
2008 SEK 7,1 m USD 1.1 m
2007 SEK 2,9 m USD 432 k
2006 SEK 8,5 m USD 1.2 m
2005 SEK 8,7 m USD 1.2 m
2004 SEK 6,1 m USD 832 k
2003
2002
2001 SEK 565 t USD 54.7 k
2000 SEK 705 t USD 76.9 k
1999 SEK 2,2 m USD 263 k
1998 SEK 1,5 m USD 187 k

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Ethiopia

Human Development Index
174
(Ranking 187 countries, 2015)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
573.6
(Per capita in USD, 2014)
World’s aid (ODA) as percentage of GDI
8.0 %
(ODA, 2014)
Swedish part of total aid (ODA)
1.0 %
(ODA, 2014)

General environmental protection

General environmental protection concerns activities for conservation, protection or improvement  of the physical environment. Biosphere protection, bio-diversity, site preservation, flood prevention and control are covered in the sector.