Concepts and explanations

  • Activity – the financial support given by Sweden for a specific project or programme.
  • Aid type – how Sweden works with its partners, (often a government in a partner country), for example through support for projects, a sector programme or, more directly, the partner country’s budget (known as budget support).
  • Base budget support – support which goes to the activities of a multilateral organization as a whole, which means that the organization’s board (which Sweden is usually a part of) decides how the funds are to be used.
  • Bilateral development cooperation – development cooperation which takes place between Sweden and another country. Sida bears the main responsibility for Sweden’s bilateral aid. Sweden presently cooperates bilaterally with 33 countries.
  • CSO – Civil Society Organisation
  • DAC – the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee.
  • Deductions – purposes that are classified as aid by the OECD/DAC, but which are neither long-term aid work nor humanitarian aid.
  • Development cooperation – the official designation for what we commonly call aid.
  • Development cooperation strategy – the government’s instrument for control of  the development cooperation with individual countries and regions. For countries that have their own poverty reduction strategy, the Swedish cooperation strategy is based on the country’s own priorities. The strategies are tailored to the type of development cooperation that Sweden is running in each country and region. You can find all the deveolpment cooperation strategies here.
  • Global development programmes/contributions – aid contributions (e.g., research) which are not aimed at a specific country or region.
  • HDI – Human Development Index. Read more.
  • Implementing organisation – the organisation that Sweden cooperates with to implement an aid activity.
  • Component – an activity can consist of one or more components/parts; an educational activity may, for example, include a component that is directed specifically towards girls.
  • Granting agency – the agency (for example Sida) responsible for the disbursement of funds to the activity.
  • Multilateral core support – in the multilateral development cooperation, several donors converge on common goals and can thus provide a much greater and more effective contribution to development and poverty reduction. About half of Sweden’s total aid is given through international multilateral organisations such as the EU, UN, the World Bank, regional development banks and global foundations. Multilateral development organizations include much of the UN system, the World Bank and regional development banks as well as the development cooperation within the EU. OECD/DAC determines which organisations are included in the concept multilateral organisations. Sweden’s support for multilateral organisations’ base budgets is  handled mainly by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs and certain other ministries in the Government Offices. Sida to a great extent handles earmarked support which goes through multilateral organisations to contributions in different countries. This is sometimes called multi-bilateral.
  • Negative value/repaid funds – amount preceded by a minus symbol indicates repaid funds.
  • NGO – voluntary organization, organisation in civil society (Non-Governmental Organisation). See also CSO.
  • OECD – Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.
  • OECD/DAC – the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee.
  • Recipient – the country or region with which Sweden cooperates and where the aid will yield results in development.
  • Sector – subject area. Openaid.se provides aid information based on divisions between these main sectors.
  • Sub-sector – more detailed description of a subject area. For each main sector there are a number of sub-sectors (within the health sector there is for example the sub-sector ‘maternity and child welfare’ and the sub-sector ‘HIV/AIDS’).
  • Other (bilateral, unspecified) – aid that cannot be categorised geographically and is not covered by any of the other aid categories.