The 2030 Agenda implies that all of the world’s countries will jointly address global sustainable development, both nationally and globally. To this end, 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been identified with 169 associated targets.

The approach to achieving the SDGs differs from country to country. While poorer developing countries face major challenges in eradicating poverty and hunger, it will require strenuous efforts by wealthier countries to achieve sustainable consumption, reduce inequalities and limit the impact of climate change.

SDG data

Openaid publishes data regarding the SDGs. Data is available and presented from 2019 onwards. There may be one or more SDGs reported for each activity. The SDG indicates what an activity contributes or is intended to contribute to achieving. This is based on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) system of sector classifications for SDGs.

The Addis Ababa Action Agenda

In 2015, the year in which the SDGs were formally adopted, 7,000 delegates from around the world gathered in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, to agree on a global framework for funding the SDGs. This meeting resulted in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda.

The Addis Agenda states that everyone must contribute to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda: UN member states, institutions, the private sector and civil society. Trade must become more equitable and sustainable, tax policies in many countries must be adapted to prevent capital flight, tax relief must be implemented and science and innovation must contribute to this.